If you’re growing hemp commercially, these are the things to bear in mind when working with pesticides.
- The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates pesticides under the 1996 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. The act provides regulation of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides must be registered by EPA to be distributed or sold in the United States.
- Through a scientific, legal, and administrative procedure, the EPA examines the ingredients of the pesticide, the site or crop where it is to be used, the amount, frequency, and timing of its use, and storage and disposal practices.
- Risk assessments are essential to evaluate the potential for harm to humans, wildlife, fish, and plants, and contamination of surface water or groundwater.
- Active ingredients are the chemicals that help control the pests. Active ingredients must be identified by name along with the percentage by weight on the pesticide product’s label.
- There are three categories for active ingredients: biopesticides (types of ingredients derived from specific natural materials), antimicrobial (substances used to destroy or suppress the growth of harmful microorganisms on inanimate objects and surfaces), and conventional (all ingredients other than biological and antimicrobial pesticides).
- On the other hand, pesticides contain at least one active ingredient, and other intentionally added inert ingredients. Inert ingredients, which are chemicals, compounds, and other substances, are combined with active ingredients to make a pesticide product.
- All inert ingredients play vital roles in pesticide effectiveness and must be approved by EPA before they can be included in a product. These can, among other things, act as a solvent to help penetrate a plant’s leaf surface, protect the pesticide from degradation, and extend the product’s shelf-life.
- Under federal law, the identity of inert ingredients is considered confidential business information. Only the total percentage of all inert products must be disclosed on the product label.
- The EPA also evaluates and approves the language on each pesticide label, ensuring that the directions of use and safety measures are appropriate to any potential risk.
- EPA may limit the amount of each inert ingredient in the product if the pesticide is applied to food or animal feed. The agency requires food tolerance for each inert ingredient.
Did you know that INX Laboratories performs Pesticides Testing? While hemp yields are valuable, you may be forfeiting thousands of dollars by losing crops to mites, mold and other pests that try to consume the plant. Call us today to speak with our experts: (352) 429-3181.